db_odbc

A higher level ODBC database wrapper.

This is the same interface that is implemented for other databases.

This has NOT yet been (extensively) tested against ODBC drivers for Teradata, Oracle, Sybase, MSSqlvSvr, et. al. databases.

Currently all queries are ANSI calls, not Unicode.

See also: db_postgres, db_sqlite, db_mysql.

Parameter substitution

All db_* modules support the same form of parameter substitution. That is, using the ? (question mark) to signify the place where a value should be placed. For example:

sql"INSERT INTO myTable (colA, colB, colC) VALUES (?, ?, ?)"

Examples

Opening a connection to a database

import db_odbc
var db = open("localhost", "user", "password", "dbname")
db.close()

Creating a table

db.exec(sql"DROP TABLE IF EXISTS myTable")
db.exec(sql("""CREATE TABLE myTable (
                 id integer,
                 name varchar(50) not null)"""))

Inserting data

db.exec(sql"INSERT INTO myTable (id, name) VALUES (0, ?)",
        "Andreas")

Large example

import db_odbc, math

var theDb = open("localhost", "nim", "nim", "test")

theDb.exec(sql"Drop table if exists myTestTbl")
theDb.exec(sql("create table myTestTbl (" &
    " Id    INT(11)     NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY, " &
    " Name  VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, " &
    " i     INT(11), " &
    " f     DECIMAL(18,10))"))

theDb.exec(sql"START TRANSACTION")
for i in 1..1000:
  theDb.exec(sql"INSERT INTO myTestTbl (name,i,f) VALUES (?,?,?)",
        "Item#" & $i, i, sqrt(i.float))
theDb.exec(sql"COMMIT")

for x in theDb.fastRows(sql"select * from myTestTbl"):
  echo x

let id = theDb.tryInsertId(sql"INSERT INTO myTestTbl (name,i,f) VALUES (?,?,?)",
        "Item#1001", 1001, sqrt(1001.0))
echo "Inserted item: ", theDb.getValue(sql"SELECT name FROM myTestTbl WHERE id=?", id)

theDb.close()

Types

DbConn = OdbcConnTyp
encapsulates a database connection   Source Edit
Row = seq[string]
a row of a dataset. NULL database values will be converted to nil.   Source Edit
InstantRow = tuple[row: seq[string], len: int]
a handle that can be used to get a row's column text on demand   Source Edit

Procs

proc dbError(db: var DbConn) {...}{.tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Raises an [DbError] exception with ODBC error information   Source Edit
proc dbQuote(s: string): string {...}{.noSideEffect, raises: [], tags: [].}
DB quotes the string.   Source Edit
proc tryExec(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): bool {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [].}
Tries to execute the query and returns true if successful, false otherwise.   Source Edit
proc exec(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]) {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Executes the query and raises EDB if not successful.   Source Edit
proc `[]`(row: InstantRow; col: int): string {...}{.inline, raises: [], tags: [].}
Returns text for given column of the row   Source Edit
proc unsafeColumnAt(row: InstantRow; index: int): cstring {...}{.inline, raises: [], tags: [].}
  Source Edit
proc len(row: InstantRow): int {...}{.inline, raises: [], tags: [].}
Returns number of columns in the row   Source Edit
proc getRow(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): Row {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Retrieves a single row. If the query doesn't return any rows, this proc will return a Row with empty strings for each column.   Source Edit
proc getAllRows(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): seq[Row] {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Executes the query and returns the whole result dataset.   Source Edit
proc getValue(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): string {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [].}
Executes the query and returns the first column of the first row of the result dataset. Returns "" if the dataset contains no rows or the database value is NULL.   Source Edit
proc tryInsertId(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): int64 {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [].}
Executes the query (typically "INSERT") and returns the generated ID for the row or -1 in case of an error.   Source Edit
proc insertId(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): int64 {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Executes the query (typically "INSERT") and returns the generated ID for the row.   Source Edit
proc tryInsert(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; pkName: string;
              args: varargs[string, `$`]): int64 {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [].}
same as tryInsertID   Source Edit
proc insert(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; pkName: string; args: varargs[string, `$`]): int64 {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
same as insertId   Source Edit
proc execAffectedRows(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): int64 {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Runs the query (typically "UPDATE") and returns the number of affected rows   Source Edit
proc close(db: var DbConn) {...}{.tags: [WriteDbEffect], raises: [].}
Closes the database connection.   Source Edit
proc open(connection, user, password, database: string): DbConn {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}

Opens a database connection.

Raises EDb if the connection could not be established.

Currently the database parameter is ignored, but included to match open() in the other db_xxxxx library modules.

  Source Edit
proc setEncoding(connection: DbConn; encoding: string): bool {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}

Currently not implemented for ODBC.

Sets the encoding of a database connection, returns true for success, false for failure. result = set_character_set(connection, encoding) == 0

  Source Edit

Iterators

iterator fastRows(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): Row {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}

Executes the query and iterates over the result dataset.

This is very fast, but potentially dangerous. Use this iterator only if you require ALL the rows.

Breaking the fastRows() iterator during a loop may cause a driver error for subsequent queries

Rows are retrieved from the server at each iteration.

  Source Edit
iterator instantRows(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): InstantRow {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}
Same as fastRows but returns a handle that can be used to get column text on demand using []. Returned handle is valid only within the iterator body.   Source Edit
iterator rows(db: var DbConn; query: SqlQuery; args: varargs[string, `$`]): Row {...}{.
    tags: [ReadDbEffect, WriteDbEffect], raises: [DbError].}

Same as fastRows, but slower and safe.

This retrieves ALL rows into memory before iterating through the rows. Large dataset queries will impact on memory usage.

  Source Edit